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What is the process of PCBA processing? Four major links of PCBA processing technology

Release Time: 2021/10/27 19:30:59

If the circuit board wants to realize the function operation, it is impossible to complete the bare PCB board alone. The bare board needs to be mounted, plug-in and soldered. This step-by-step process is called PCBA. Next, Shenzhen PCBA processing manufacturers will introduce the four major links of PCBA processing technology.
In terms of technology, the PCBA process can be roughly divided into four main links, namely: SMT patch processing → DIP plug-in processing → PCBA testing → finished product assembly.
Four major links of PCBA processing technology
1. SMT patch processing link
The SMT patch processing link generally matches the purchase of components according to the BOM configuration list provided by the customer, and confirms the PMC plan of the production. After the preparatory work is completed, SMT programming is started, laser stencil is made according to the SMT process, and solder paste printing is performed.
Through the SMT placement machine, the components are mounted on the circuit board, and if necessary, online AOI automatic optical inspection is performed. After testing, set a perfect reflow oven temperature curve to let the circuit board flow through the reflow soldering.
After the necessary IPQC inspection, the DIP plug-in process can be used to pass the plug-in material through the circuit board, and then flow through wave soldering for soldering. Next is the necessary post-furnace process.
After the above procedures are completed, a comprehensive QA inspection is required to ensure that the product quality is passed.
2. DIP plug-in processing link
The process of DIP plug-in processing is: plug-in→wave soldering→cutting feet→post-welding processing→washing board→quality inspection
Three, PCBA test
PCBA testing is the most critical quality control link in the entire PCBA processing process. It is necessary to strictly follow the PCBA test standards and test the test points of the circuit board in accordance with the customer's test plan (Test Plan).
PCBA testing also includes five main forms: ICT testing, FCT testing, aging testing, fatigue testing, and testing under harsh environments.
Fourth, finished product assembly
The PCBA board with the test OK is assembled for the shell, and then tested, and finally it can be shipped.
PCBA production is one link after another. Any problem in any link will have a very large impact on the overall quality, and strict control of each process is required.
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